Kidney Stone Treatment

Kidney Stone Treatment

Kidney stones (also called renal calculiare) are like tiny rocks that can form in your kidneys and cause discomfort. Here’s a quick look at what they are:

  • Solid Deposits: Kidney stones are solid pieces made from substances found in your urine.
  • Size Variation: They can range from as small as a grain of sand to as large as a marble.
  • Formation Process: Think of your kidneys as filters; sometimes, they let things stick together, leading to stone formation.

Symptoms of a Kidney Stone

Recognizing the signs of a kidney stone is crucial for early intervention.

Watch for the following indicators:

  • Intense Pain: Experience sharp pain in your back or side.  Notice discomfort that may radiate to your lower abdomen or groin. 
  • Urination Problems: Detect changes in urination patterns, such as urgency or a persistent need to go.
  • Nausea and Vomiting: Experience queasiness or vomiting, especially if accompanied by pain.
  • Discolored Urine: Note unusual colors, such as brown, pink, or red, in your urine.
  • Cloudy or Foul-Smelling Urine: Witness changes in urine appearance or odor that differ from your usual.

Should any of these symptoms arise, seeking prompt medical attention is advised for a comprehensive evaluation and timely intervention.

Causes of a Kidney Stone

Understanding the factors that contribute to kidney stone formation is vital for proactive management. Common causes include:

  • Dehydration: Inadequate fluid intake can lead to concentrated urine, promoting stone development.
  • Diet High in Sodium: Consuming excessive salt can contribute to the formation of certain types of kidney stones.
  • Family History: Genetic predisposition may increase the likelihood of developing kidney stones.
  • Medical Conditions: Certain conditions, like gout or urinary tract infections, can elevate the risk.

When to See a Doctor

Knowing when to seek medical attention is crucial for addressing kidney stone concerns promptly. Look out for the following signs, and consult a healthcare professional if:

  • Persistent Pain: Experience persistent, intense pain in the back, side, or lower abdomen. 
  • Changes in Urine: Notice blood in your urine or changes in color, indicating potential kidney stone issues.
  • Discomfort with Other Symptoms: Feel nauseous, vomit, or experience pain along with other discomfort.
  • Unexplained Fever: Develop an unexplained fever, which could be a sign of an infection related to kidney stones.
  • Difficulty Passing Urine: Encounter difficulty in urination or find yourself needing to go frequently.
  • Recurrent Issues: If you have a history of kidney stones and notice similar symptoms recurring.

Types of Kidney Stones

Kidney stones come in different varieties, each with distinct compositions. Understanding the types can provide insights into prevention and management.

Here are the common ones: 

  • Calcium Oxalate Stones: Formed when calcium combines with oxalate, often influenced by diet and genetic factors.
  • Struvite Stones: Associated with urinary tract infections and can grow quickly, leading to larger stones.
  • Uric Acid Stones: Develop when urine contains too much acid, often linked to a diet high in purines (found in certain foods).
  • Cystine Stones: Rare but hereditary, caused by the accumulation of cystine, an amino acid, in the urine.

Knowing the type of kidney stone helps tailor prevention strategies. If you’ve experienced kidney stones, consulting with a healthcare professional can provide insights into specific prevention measures based on the stone type.

Preventing Kidney Stones

Taking proactive steps can significantly reduce the risk of kidney stone formation.

Consider the following preventive measures to promote optimal kidney health:

  • Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water throughout the day to dilute substances in the urine and discourage crystal formation.
  • Balanced Diet: Maintain a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, while moderating intake of oxalate-rich foods—such as spinach, almonds, figs, and kale—and limiting sodium for optimal kidney health.
  • Adequate Calcium Intake: Ensure sufficient calcium intake from dietary sources, which can help bind oxalate and prevent stone formation.
  • Limit Animal Proteins: Moderate consumption of animal proteins, as they can increase uric acid levels and contribute to stone development.
  • Monitor Salt Intake: Keep sodium intake in check, as excessive salt can lead to higher calcium levels in the urine.
  • Stay Active: Regular physical activity supports overall health and may help prevent kidney stones.

Our Kidney Stone Providers

Our ACL Repair Location

Franklin County Specialty Clinic
64 N 1st E, Preston, ID 83263
Second Floor, Suite 200
Monday – Friday 8:00 am – 5:00 pm
(208) 852-3662